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Filter Cloths for Tower Press Filters

A wide range of Flowrox filter cloths for tower press filters enables choosing the right type of cloth for any application and filtration process.

Combining the latest textile technology and practical experience results in top-of-the-line Flowrox filter cloths. Engineered for best performance and durability. Enjoy the global availability of tower press filter cloths which will help you to maximize your production.

Wide selection to best suit your filtration process

A wide selection of filter cloths enables you to choose the right type of cloth for individual application, minimizing costs and maximizing production. Flowrox filtration professionals will provide you with the best long-term solutions.

Filter cloth: the essence of dewatering

The filter cloth is the most important component in all tower press filters in the world. All other technology in the tower press filter is designed to support the job of the filter cloth: to dewater the cake (and in some cases to also wash it). After the dewatering phase, the cloth transports the ready product out of the filter. Or in applications where the filtrate is the product, separates the filtrate from the cake.

Thanks to Flowrox’s expertise on tower press filter cloths, our professionals can help select the most suitable type of filter cloth for a certain application.

If the filter cloth does not fit the application, it does not help if the tower press has the latest hydraulic or PLC automation systems. The filter cannot reach the maximum production level with the wrong type of filter cloth. Let us assist you to choose the optimum cloth for each application.

 

Tower press filter cloth duties

In tower press filters, the filter cloth has several different duties. The entire pressure filtration cycle has numerous phases and each of them affects the cloth.

  1. The first duty of a tower press filter cloth is to hold and wait for all filter chambers to fill up with slurry. During the feeding phase, a filter cake forms on top of the filter cloth. This would not happen if the selection of the cloth is wrong or if there are many holes in the cloth.
  2. In the diaphragm pressing phase, the filter cloth is subject to immense pressures up to 16 bar. The filter cloth is pushed deep into the polypropylene grids while carrying a heavy cake. Pressing continues, extracts the filtrate and finalizes the forming of the filter cake.
  3. During the air drying stage, the pressurized air flows into the chamber above the cake. Air passes through the cake and dries it. In this phase two things are important: 1. that there are no holes in the cloth and 2. that air permeability of the cloth correlates to the filter application.
  4. Then the filter cloth changes its role from filtration to discharge. Heavy cakes can weigh up to 28 tons/cycle. Filter cloth acts as a conveyor belt and simultaneously discharges the cakes from each chamber in 30 seconds. The cloth is then cleaned by the scrapers and washed from both sides before the next cycle repeats. . At this point, cloth tracking needs to be impeccable, otherwise it can cause problems and interrupts the filter cycle.

The filter cloth moves forward for 3-5 filter plate lengths. After it stops, the filter plates close and the new filtration cycle starts. Compared to the previous cycle, the filter cloth is now facing upside down.  Therefore, both sides of the filter cloth are used interchangeably.

Tower-Press-Filter_safety-features-Flowrox

Filter cloth is an expensive and essential part of the tower press.

 

 

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Part of the wide Flowrox filter cloth selection.

Filter cloths - Flowrox

Filter cloths - Flowrox

 

Strength

One of the biggest differences between regular press filter cloths and tower press filter cloths is strength. As described above, the tower press filter cloth also works as a belt. It has to be strong enough to carry heavy cakes out from the filter and withstand being pressed deep into the supporting grids, over and over again.

Flowrox tower press filter cloths are made for the following demanding duties:

  • Cake is discharged at the same time from all filter chambers
  • The filter cloth keeps straight tracking

To showcase how strong are the tower press filter cloths, let’s look at an example. The production of big tower press filters in mining concentrate applications is often 18 tonnes per cycle. On average, the filter cloth is in use for 6000 cycles. This means that during its lifetime, a filter cloth discharges 108 million kilos!

 

Air permeability – how to choose the most optimal filter cloth?

The mining industry’s milling technology keeps improving and is reaching better and better ore recovery. Consequently, the particle size has decreased and nowadays filter cloths tend to blind too early. In lots of applications using a cloth with higher air permeability can solve this issue.

But take extreme care when deciding upon air permeability. Using a filter cloth with too high permeability can cause more solids will appear in the filtrate which can lead to tears, holes and overall loss of cloth’s mechanical strength.

Choosing the optimal filter cloth for each application is important because it can:

  • Increase filter’s capacity
  • Reduce blinding problems
  • Shorten the tower press filter cycles

Flowrox filtration test team provides you with all the data to make an informed decision for the best long-term solution.

 

Cloth blinding

How to know when is the filter cloth blinding? One of the most common signs are:

  • Thinner filter cake
  • Wetter filter cake
  • Increased cycle time

With use, every tower press filter cloth will eventually start to blind. But since the filter cloth is an expensive and essential part of the tower press, it should not happen too early! To avoid blinding problems, start at the beginning with the correct filter cloth selection. Other factors which affect the blinding are particle size distribution of the slurry and chemical changes in the process.

Flowrox can help you select the correct cloth to avoid such issues. We offer laboratory services for used cloths where we perform a full analysis and give professional recommendations for the most suitable filter cloths for each process. Our experts assist in eliminating your process challenges and find better solutions.

 

Filter cloth quality

The quality of a tower press filter cloth is directly connected to the consistency of its air permeability. It must be equal at every point of the cloth, even in the largest sizes (148 m long and 1,7 m wide).

Ensuring equal air permeability is related to quality control, specific for the tower press filter cloth manufacturing process. This is a demanding job but Flowrox understands the importance of high quality and eliminating possibilities of weaving errors. All our tower press filter cloths are manufactured with the latest technology textile industry machinery with integrated quality check procedures.

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Comparison of filter cloth’s surface when new (top) and when worn (bottom).

 

Seams for tower press filter cloths

Tower press filter cloths are usually longer than 100 meters they are delivered in a roll. The correct installation requires to first run the entire filter cloth through the tower press  At the same time, the old cloth is run out from under the filter. Then both ends of the new filter cloth are connected with metallic seams and seam wires and form a continuous belt.

Special metallic hooks are already installed on both ends of the cloth in the factory. There are several different seam hook types that are specially designed based on the applications.

 

Seam challenges

Metallic seams are run out of filtration chambers with the help of sensors of tower press filters. Unfortunately, sometimes this can cause seam damages and then too many solids are passing through the filter cloth seam.

Flowrox has a solution to easily replace damaged seams. With the Flowrox seaming machine, it is fast and much more efficient to make a new seam on the spot, right after the issue is identified. In this way, the tower press filter cloth’s lifetime is maximized and can be used until it is completely worn out.

 

Reinforced edges by Flowrox

Flowrox tower press filter cloths have special, strong edge reinforcement to prevent them from fraying when tracking is not completely correct. Improper tracking occurs when rollers are worn out or not aligned. Built up rollers can also cause tracking problems to the cloth. This happens when the cloth is not properly cleaned and slurry builds up between the cloth and rollers.

When the filter cloth is not properly tracked, it starts to touch metal parts of the filter (eg.  roller brackets) and the cloth can fray.

Frayed cloth has a shorter lifetime and means increased filter spare part costs. To prevent this from happening, Flowrox offers tower press filter cloths with extra strong edges able to withstand the most demanding applications.

 

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All Flowrox seams are additionally reinforced to extend cloth lifetime.

Filter-cloth-reinforced-edge-Flowrox

Flowrox reinforced edges are super strong and prevent premature fraying of the cloth.

 

 

How to fix holes in the filter cloth?

Flowrox tower press filter cloths are super strong –   have a tensile strength of more than 400 kN/m. However, this does not mean they cannot tear. Filter cloth and other technical textiles can still be damaged by sharp pieces or corners which create a hole (also known as a mechanical hole).

Tower press filters should be not used if there is even one hole in the filter cloth. Why? When there is a hole, it means the solids are passing through and wear down the other filter spares. The hole is gradually getting bigger and bigger and causes more and more problems to the tower press.

 

Industrial Filter Cloth Patches

This does not mean the entire filter cloths should be changed immediately. There is a better and more cost-efficient solution developed by Flowrox: Industrial Filter Cloth Patches. The patches are 2-sided and design to cover the most common shapes and hole sizes. Patching is fast and follows only one installation principle. It is easy to learn and it can be done on the spot by filter operators or other selected staff. There is no need to worry patched will be scraped off by the scrapers as they become one with the cloth’s surface.

Nevertheless, keep in mind patches are only a fast solution to a bigger problem. The real reason for these holes should be found and fixed as soon as possible. Flowrox filter service engineers can perform a filter audit and discover the reasons for filter’s issues and suggest solutions. Flowrox has a wide selection of all spare parts for tower presses. From plate seals and all other consumable spares, to complete plate packs.

 

Flowrox filter cloth categories are based on different needs:

filter-cloth-industrial-patches-Flowrox

Flowrox Industrial Patches increase the lifetime of Flowrox tower press filter cloths.

Light-Duty – lighter applications

  • Open and thinner structure, perform better against blinding
  •  5 different permeabilities

Standard – common applications

  • More durable than widely used filter cloths.
  • 9 different permeabilities

Heavy-Duty – the most demanding applications

  • The most durable filter cloth on the market, engineered to handle the heaviest cakes in toughest conditions
  • 3 different permeabilities

Tower Press Filter cloth applications

Filter cloths are an integral part of various solid-liquid separation processes. Also known as filtration media, they are used in numerous applications in mining, minerals processing, metallurgy, chemical and many other industries.

Using the most optimal filter cloth for each application is crucial. This is where significant operational cost savings can be reached. Contact us to test different filter cloths or get expert advice.

The most common applications are:

Metal concentrators

  • Fine ferrous
  • Base metals
  • Precious metals
  • Tailings

Chemical industry

  • Titanium dioxide
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Starch
  • Industrial minerals

Metal refineries

  • Leach residues
  • Battery metals

Benefits & features

Proven performance

Right filter cloth for each application

Longer lifetime

Durable, cost-efficient, latest textile technology design

Best availability

Local stock, fast deliveries

Professional support

Highly experienced Flowrox filtration specialists

Local service, global availability

Flowrox has local stock near to you. Enjoy prompt responses and fast deliveries at all times. Flowrox filter service professionals are spread around the globe. See below your closest Flowrox filtration specialist.

Australia

Russell Beaumont
Senior Service Manager
Tel: +61 2 9114 9715
sales-au@flowrox.com

Victor Ortega
Area Sales Manager, WA
Tel. +61 499 156 590
sales-au@flowrox.com

Europe

Dirk Otto
Sales Director Central Europe
Tel: +49 (0) 2102 420 707
sales-de@flowrox.com

North America

Don Kitchen
Filter Spares Sales & Service Manager
Tel: +1-410-636 2250
sales-us@flowrox.com

Russia & CIS

Sergey Petukhov
Area Sales Manager
Tel: +7 495 726 57 41
sales-ru@flowrox.com

Sub-Saharan Africa

Andrew Tait
Service Business Manager
Tel: +27 (0) 10 590 8374
sales-rsa@flowrox.com

South America

Maureen Briceño
Sales Manager, Filter Service, Chile
Tel: +56 2 3224 9704
sales-chile@flowrox.com

Ronald Gaspar
Technical Service Manager, Peru
Tel. +51 9 7973 5424
sales-peru@flowrox.com

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